Our company is experiencing issues with the way our e-mails are being displayed on Outlook for iOS. It seems that all of the padding is being removed and some of the styles are not being applied, including the removal of blue and underlined links. This just recently started happening about a week ago. I do see that Microsoft pushed out a number of updates within the last week for the iOS Outlook app but I haven't been able to find any detailed release notes on any of their channels.

The e-mail renders perfectly fine on Outlook for Windows 10 and Mac, the Android app, Windows 10 Mail, Gmail, Apple Mail, etc. It's literally just Outlook for iOS that's giving us this problem. And as I previously mentioned, our emails were rendering without any issues in iOS up until about a week ago. Does anyone have any insight on why this might be occuring?

INCORRECT Rendering
CORRECT Rendering