I'm developing an email and running into a rendering issue, specifically when viewing it on the outlook ios app (iPhone XR). Basically the email looks zoomed in and to see the full contents you have to scroll to the right. The email looks fine on litmus previews and this issue doesn't seem to show on gmail as it is centered / displays fully so I'm at my wits end.

You won't see it in the sample images I attached but this email has a few images. I noticed when I get rid of all the images then the email displays fine on the outlook app. Now just scratching my head wondering why images are causing this issue?

Any help would be much appreciated. Thank you!

What the email should look like, for reference: