Hey all #emailgeeks. I NEED help please. I am having issues with background images on GMAIL App on iOS. They are being chopped in half. In fact, it looks like the whole body is. See attached. I have no idea what's going on. It's the ONLY client that this happends with.

https://litmus.com/builder/20f8965

Thanks in advance. I love you all.
Kev.