The IMG src attribute is removed from tag and only ALT text is displayed in HTML email. Below is the container table from the banner that contains the image. This works fine when I display the HTML page in IE or Chrome. But when I run it through GoDaddy, the SRC attribute is deleted and the ALT text is not formatted as indicated in the IMG tag. How do I prevent this from happening? The image is WP_Email_Banner.png. I tried this both on the IPhone and Yahoo email.

I've patterned this code on your Pluralsight tutorial on HTML Email ..

<table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" width="100%" style="table-layout: fixed; ">
    <tr>
        <td align="center" bgcolor="#efeac9" style="padding: 20px 0 0px 0;">
            <div style="display: none; font-size: 1px; color:#efeac9; line-height: 1px; font-family: Arial, sans-serif; max-height: 0px; max-width: 0px; opacity: 0; overflow: hidden; mso-hide: all;">
                This won't be shown in the design, but will be visible in the inbox preview.
            </div>
            <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" width="600" class="wrapper">
                <tr>
                    <td>
                        <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" width="100%">
                            <tr>
                                <td align="left" bgcolor="#efeac9"  class="logo">
                                    <img src="Images/WP_Email_Banner.png" alt="Wisconsin Pollinators" height="252" width="600" border="0" style="display: block;
                                         padding: 0; color: black; font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-weight: bold;  font-size: 24px; background-color: #efeac9; 
                                         -webkit-border-radius: 10px; border-radius: 10px;" class="fluid-image"/> 
                                    <!--<img src="Images/WP_Email_Banner.png" height="252" width="600" border="0" style="display: block; padding: 0;"/>-->
                                </td>
                            </tr>
                            <tr>
                                <td align="center" bgcolor="#ffffff" style='font-family:Verdana; font-weight: bold; color:#943E58; font-size: 20px; line-height: 24px; padding: 15px 0px 15px 0' class="mobile-title-pad">
                                    WELCOME TO<br />WISCONSIN POLLINATORS
                                </td>
                            </tr>
                        </table>
            </table>
</table>