I've wrestled with this for the better part of yesterday and this morning. I cannot figure out what I'm doing wrong.

I have an image on the left with text on the right. In Outlook 2013 the left side of the text is cut off, as if part of the image is hiding it. I've tried everything from zeroing margins and padding, to z-levels and I cannot fix it.

Screenshot from Outlook: http://i.imgur.com/2Fc8diE.jpg

Here's a link to the markup: https://litmus.com/builder/045a56e

Any help would be appreciated. Thank you.